Editorial Board


Robert T. Schooley, M.D. is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of California, San Diego. Over the course of his career, his clinical and research interests have been in the areas of viral pathogenesis and therapy and, more recently, in the development of clinical and medical educational capacity in resource-limited settings.


Deputy Editor

Ferric C. Fang, M.D. is a Professor of Laboratory Medicine, Microbiology, Medicine, and Pathobiology at the University of Washington, where he directs the clinical microbiology laboratory at Harborview Medical Center in Seattle. Dr. Fang performs research on bacterial pathogenesis and molecular diagnostics. He comes to CID after a fifteen-year tenure as editor and editor-in-chief at the ASM journal Infection and Immunity and is responsible for the primary evaluation of CID submissions relating to bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections.

Assistant Deputy Editor

David N. FredricksDavid N. Fredricks, M.D. is a Professor in the Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the Department of Microbiology at the University of Washington, and a Member of the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. He provides clinical consultation for cancer patients with infectious diseases and has an interest in bacterial and fungal infections in the immunocompromised host. His research lab studies the human indigenous microbiota and how mucosal microbial communities promote health or contribute to disease.

Associate Editors

Constance A. Benson, M.D. is a Professor of Medicine and Global Public Health in the Divisions of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health at the University of California San Diego. Her primary areas of expertise include clinical and translational research in tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infections and HIV/AIDS, particularly antiretroviral therapies and treatment and prevention of opportunistic infections.


Carlos del Rio, M.D. is Professor of Global Health in the Hubert Department of Global Health at the Rollins School of Public Health, Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Emory University School of Medicine and co-Director of the Emory Center for AIDS Research. His interests are focused on early diagnosis, linkage and retention in care, compliance with antiretrovirals and the prevention of HIV infection among vulnerable populations both in the US and abroad.

Kathryn M. Edwards, M.D. is a Professor of Pediatrics at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. She has spent much of her career evaluating vaccines, facilitating their implementation, and assessing their impact. She has had an active infectious disease practice for nearly four decades and has studied periodic fever syndromes, pneumonia, and the management of complicated infections. She has also mentored many young investigators.

Vance Fowler, M.D., M.H.S. is a Professor in the Departments of Medicine and Molecular Genetics & Microbiology at Duke University Medical Center. Dr. Fowler has extensive expertise in clinical and translational research in bacterial infections. Dr. Fowler created the S. aureus Bacteremia Group and co-founded the International Collaboration on Endocarditis. He is a project PI in the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI) and the Communicating PI of the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group.

Barbara E. MurrayBarbara E. Murray, M.D. is an internationally recognized expert in infectious diseases and antibiotic resistance and one of the world’s experts on enterococci. She has been an editor of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, program chair of ICAAC, Chair of the NIH’s Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and has served on other NIH committees and Data Safety and Monitoring Boards, on many editorial boards, and on the FDA’s Anti-Infectives Advisory Committee. She was the Treasurer of Infectious Diseases Society of America for 6 years, Secretary for 3, President in 2013-2014 and is currently Chair of their Antimicrobial Resistance Committee.

Susanna Naggie, M.D., M.H.S. is Associate Professor of Medicine (with tenure) and Associate Dean of Clinical Research Initiatives and Regulatory Affairs at Duke University School of Medicine. Dr. Naggie’s primary research focuses on discoveries to individualize care for people with HIV and viral hepatitis including pharmacogenomics, metabolomics and proteomics investigations. She is also engaged in clinical trial design and coordination at the Duke Clinical Research Institute.

Peter G. Pappas, M.D. is a widely recognized expert in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of invasive mycoses. He is a Professor of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases at the University of Alabama at Birmingham where he directs the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program for the University of Alabama Health System. He is also currently Principle Investigator of the Mycoses Study Group Education and Research Consortium (MSGERC), a multi-center, international clinical trials and education group.

Robin Patel, M.D. is currently Professor of Medicine, Professor of Microbiology, Chair of the Division of Clinical Microbiology, and Director of the Infectious Diseases Research Laboratory at Mayo Clinic. Dr. Patel is a Fellow of American Academy of Microbiology, co-chair of the ASM Microbe 2016 and 2017 Program Planning Committee, an associate editor for the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, and course director for the Mayo Medical School Microbiology course. Her research focuses on clinical bacteriology diagnostic testing, antimicrobial resistance, and microbial biofilms.

David L. Paterson, M.D., Ph.D. is an Infectious Disease Physician in Brisbane, Australia. He is CEO of Wesley Medical Research with an affiliation to the University of Queensland. Prior to returning to Australia, he worked for 10 years at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. His research interests are in antibiotic resistance, particularly of Gram-negative bacilli. He has more than 380 peer-reviewed publications, including more than 50 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.


David A. Pegues, M.D. is Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Medical Director of Healthcare Epidemiology, Infection Prevention and Control and Co-Director of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. His interests include device-associated infections; novel infection control technologies to reduce microbial contamination of the environment, and antimicrobial stewardship interventions to improve clinical outcomes.

William A. Petri, Jr., M.D., Ph.D. is Vice Chair of Medicine at the University of Virginia. Dr. Petri studies the pathogenesis of amebiasis and C. difficile colitis in murine models, and in Bangladesh conducts longitudinal studies of enteric infections in infants and resulting gut barrier dysfunction, oral vaccine failure, malnutrition, and child developmental disability.


Stephanie N. Taylor, M.D. is a Professor of Medicine and Microbiology in the Infectious Diseases Section of Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center and is board-certified in both Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases. Dr. Taylor’s expertise is sexually transmitted infections and STI diagnostic and clinical trials. She is currently medical director of the LSU Infectious Diseases STI Program and laboratory, the LSU Sexual Health Clinic and the LA Office of Public Health STD/HIV Program.

Cover Art Editors

Mary Grizzard

Michael Grizzard

Statistical Associate Editor

Victor De Gruttola

Statistical Editors

Ashley L. Buchanan, Senior Editor

Steven Cohen

Farzad Noubary

Histopathology Editors

Jeannette Guarner

Mary Klassen-Fischer

Editorial Office Staff

Carlos M. Terra, Managing Editor

Blake Campbell, Assistant Managing Editor


Special Section Editors     

Book Reviews

Gary P. Wormser

Clinical Practice

Ellie J. C. Goldstein

Healthcare Epidemiology

Robert A. Weinstein

Immunocompromised Hosts

David R. Snydman

Innovations in Design, Education and Analytics (IDEA)

Victor De Gruttola

Scott R. Evans

In the Literature

Stan Deresinski


Donald Kaye

Photo Quiz/Arcanum

Anthony Amoroso

Reviews of Anti-infective Agents

Louis D. Saravolatz


Stanley Plotkin

Past Editors

Reviews of Infectious Diseases

Edward H. Kass, 1979-1989 (vols. 1-11)

Sydney M. Finegold, 1990-1991 (vols. 12 and 13)

Clinical Infectious Diseases

Sydney M. Finegold, 1992-1999 (vols. 14-29)

Sherwood L. Gorbach, 2000–2016 (vols. 30–63)

Editorial Advisory Board

Brian K. Agan, Bethesda, Maryland

Jan M. Agosti, Seattle, Washington

Samuel L. Aitken, Houston, Texas

Murat Akova, Ankara, Turkey

Michael L. Alkan, Beer Sheva, Israel

David R. Andes, Madison, Wisconsin

Jason R. Andrews, Stanford, California

Spinello Antinori, Milan, Italy

Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Praumthani, Thailand

Ricardo Araujo, Porto, Portugal

Robert D. Arbeit, Boston, Massachusetts

Alejandro Arenas-Pinto, London, United Kingdom

Cesar A. Arias, Houston, Texas

Wendy Armstrong, Atlanta, Georgia

Michael H. Augenbraun, Brooklyn, New York

Paul G. Auwaerter, Baltimore, Maryland

Ritu Banerjee, Nashville, Tennessee

Stephen G. Baum, Bronx, New York

Arnold S. Bayer, Los Angeles, California

Roger J. Bedimo, Dallas, Texas

Robert Belknap, Denver, Colorado

Shalom Ben-Shimol, Beer Sheva, Israel

Jonathan Berman, North Bethesda, Maryland

Gregory P. Bisson, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Robert A. Bonomo, Cleveland, Ohio

Louis Bont, Utrecht, Netherlands

Marc J.M. Bonten, Utrecht, Netherlands

Helen W. Boucher, Boston, Massachusetts

David R. Boulware, Minneapolis, Minnesota

William R. Bowie, Vancouver, Canada

Heather Bradley, Atlanta, Georgia

Jared Bullard, Winnipeg, Canada

Steven D. Burdette, Dayton, Ohio

Karen Bush, Bloomington, Indiana

Thomas Butler, Miramar, Florida

André Cabié, Fort-de-France, Martinique

John M. Cafardi, Cincinnati, Ohio

Thomas B. Campbell, Aurora, Colorado

Jose R. Castillo-Mancilla, Aurora, Colorado

Ann Chahroudi, Atlanta, Georgia

Christina C. Chang, Melbourne, Australia

James D. Cherry, Los Angeles, California

Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Cornelius J. Clancy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

David B. Clifford, St. Louis, Missouri

Cheryl Cohen, Johannesburg, South Africa

Jonathan A. Colasanti, Atlanta, Georgia

Brian Conway, Vancouver, Canada

Benjamin J. Cowling, Pokfulam, Hong Kong

Ron Dagan, Beer Sheva, Israel

Nick Daneman, Toronto, Canada

Anindita Das, Canberra, Australia

Michael Z. David, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Annabelle de St. Maurice, Los Angeles, California

Sarah B. Doernberg, San Francisco, California

Yohei Doi, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Pere Domingo, Barcelona, Spain

Curtis J. Donskey, Cleveland, Ohio

Kelly E. Dooley, Baltimore, Maryland

Robert A. Duncan, Burlington, Massachusetts

Michael W. Dunne, Old Saybrook, Connecticut

John R. Dyer, Perth, Australia

Dean D. Erdman, Atlanta, Georgia

Shelley N. Facente, San Francisco, California

Daniel S. Fierer, New York, New York

William A. Fischer, II, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Jay A. Fishman, Boston, Massachusetts

Courtney V. Fletcher, Omaha, Nebraska

Anthony R. Flores, Houston, Texas

Nathan Ford, Geneva, Switzerland

Henry S. Fraimow, Camden, New Jersey

Lawrence D. Frenkel, Rockford, Illinois

Alicia M. Fry, Atlanta, Georgia

Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Acton, Australia

Monica Gandhi, San Francisco, California

Jose M. Gatell, Barcelona, Spain

Dale N. Gerding, Hines, Illinois

Sara Gianella Weibel, San Diego, California

Peter H. Gilligan, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Matthew B. Goetz, Los Angeles, California

Dan M. Granoff, San Francisco, California

David E. Griffith, Tyler, Texas

Carlos G. Grijalva, Nashville, Tennessee

Giovanni Guaraldi, Modena, Italy

Huldrych F. Günthard, Zurich, Switzerland

Colleen Hadigan, Bethesda, Maryland

W. David Hardy, Los Angeles, California

Anthony D. Harris, Baltimore, Maryland

Patrick N.A. Harris, Brisbane, Australia

Rodrigo Hasbun, Houston, Texas

Frederick G. Hayden, Charlottesville, Virginia

Hans H. Hirsch, Basel, Switzerland

Thomas L. Holland, Durham, North Carolina

Edward W. Hook, Birmingham, Alabama

Leigh M. Howard, Nashville, Tennessee

Romney M. Humphries, Tucson, Arizona

Noreen A. Hynes, Baltimore, Maryland

Michael G. Ison, Chicago, Illinois

Ilesh Jani, Marracuene, Mozambique

Jorgen S. Jensen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Somchai Jongwutiwes, Bangkok, Thailand

Andre C. Kalil, Omaha, Nebraska

Mini Kamboj, New York, New York

Sheldon L. Kaplan, Houston, Texas

Adolf W. Karchmer, Boston, Massachusetts

Carol A. Kauffman, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Colleen F. Kelley, Atlanta, Georgia

James D. Kellner, Calgary, Canada

Brendan J. Kelly, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Jeffrey D. Klausner, Los Angeles, California

Keith P. Klugman, Seattle, Washington

Janak Koirala, Springfield, Illinois

Marin H. Kollef, St. Louis, Missouri

Dennis L. Kolson, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Shyam Kottilil, Baltimore, Maryland

Peter J. Krause, New Haven, Connecticut

Vincent Le Moing, Montpellier, France

William M. Lee, Dallas, Texas

Jeffrey L. Lennox, Atlanta, Georgia

Emil Lesho, Rochester, New York

Benjamin P. Linas, Boston, Massachusetts

Daniel J. Livorsi, Iowa City, Iowa

Per Ljungman, Stockholm, Sweden

Lisa E. Manhart, Seattle, Washington

Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Boston, Massachusetts

Vincent Marconi, Atlanta, Georgia

Christina M. Marra, Seattle, Washington

Jeanne M. Marrazzo, Birmingham, Alabama

Marianne Martinello, Sydney, Australia

Esteban Martinez, Barcelona, Spain

Henry Masur, Bethesda, Maryland

Kate McCarthy, Brisbane, Australia

Malkanthie I. McCormick, Lexington, Kentucky

Kenneth McIntosh, Boston, Massachusetts

Graeme Meintjes, Cape Town, South Africa

Jean Menotti, Lyon, France

Lynne M. Mofenson, Washington, District of Columbia

Brian T. Montague, Aurora, Colorado

Arnold S. Monto, Ann Arbor, Michigan

David R. Murdoch, Christchurch, New Zealand

Landon Myer, Cape Town, South Africa

Jean B. Nachega, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Kathleen M. Neuzil, Baltimore, Maryland

Valerie L. Ng, Oakland, California

Lindsay E. Nicolle, Winnipeg, Canada

Ran Nir-Paz, Jerusalem, Israel

Amanda Noska, Duluth, Minnesota

Marina Nunez, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Luis Ostrosky-Zeichner, Houston, Texas

Joseph G. Pastorek, Slidell, Louisiana

Mical Paul, Haifa, Israel

Christopher Payan, Brest, France

Ville Peltola, Turku, Finland

Juan M. Pericas, Barcelona, Spain

Joshua G. Petrie, Ann Arbor, Michigan

Pedro A. Piedra, Houston, Texas

Dylan Pillai, Calgary, Canada

Mathias W. Pletz, Jena, Germany

Raymund R. Razonable, Rochester, Minnesota

Randall R. Reves, Denver, Colorado

John H. Rex, Wellesley, Massachusetts

Frank S. Rhame, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Jurgen K. Rockstroh, Bonn, Germany

William R. Rodriguez, Boston, Massachusetts

Jesús Rodríguez-Ba?o, Sevilla, Spain

Keith A. Rodvold, Chicago, Illinois

Benjamin A. Rogers, Clayton, Australia

Stephen J. Rogerson, Parkville, Australia

Sarah E. Rowan, Denver, Colorado

Michael S. Saag, Birmingham, Alabama

Lisa Saiman, New York, New York

Max Salfinger, Tampa, Florida

Michael J. Satlin, New York, New York

Mark R. Schleiss, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Audrey N. Schuetz, Rochester, Minnesota

Jennifer E. Schuster, Kansas City, Missouri

John Scott, Seattle, Washington

Edward J. Septimus, Boston, Massachusetts

Irini Sereti, Bethesda, Maryland

Samuel Shelburne, Houston, Texas

Oguz Resat Sipahi, Izmir, Turkey

Monica A. Slavin, Parkville, Australia

Graham M. Snyder, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Andrej Spec, St. Louis, Missouri

Brad Spellberg, Los Angeles, California

Sandra A. Springer, New Haven, Connecticut

Serena S. Spudich, New Haven, Connecticut

Jack T. Stapleton, Iowa City, Iowa

Gina A. Suh, Rochester, Minnesota

Mark S. Sulkowski, Baltimore, Maryland

Andrew H. Talal, Buffalo, New York

Paul A. Tambyah, Singapore

Pierre Tattevin, Rennes, France

Elitza Theel, Rochester, Minnesota

Chloe L. Thio, Baltimore, Maryland

David L. Thomas, Baltimore, Maryland

George R. Thompson, Davis, California

Hidenori Toyoda, Ogaki, Japan

Barbara W. Trautner, Houston, Texas

Ephraim L. Tsalik, Durham, North Carolina

Susan Tuddenham, Baltimore, Maryland

Reinout van Crevel, Nijmegen, Netherlands

David van Duin, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Fernando Vazquez, Oviedo, Spain

Pauline Vetter, Geneva, Switzerland

David H. Walker, Galveston, Texas

Xiu-Feng Wan, Columbia, Missouri

Richard R. Watkins, Akron, Ohio

A. Clinton White, Galveston, Texas

Mark H. Wilcox, Leeds, United Kingdom

Darcy A. Wooten, San Diego, California

Hugh Wright, Brisbane, Australia

Kwok-Yung Yuen, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China

Werner Zimmerli, Liestal, Switzerland

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account


This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.


                        the weather



                        Go abroad

                        Mobile Games